True or false?
1-People with kidney failure have dialysis every few weeks.
False—For hemodialysis at a dialysis center, the standard is 3 times a week; patients who have some form of dialysis at home may do it 4 to 7 times a week.
2-Dialysis sessions usually last 3 to 4 hours at a time.
True—The average session at a dialysis center is 4 hours on the machine. (That’s not counting the weigh-ins and pre- and post-blood pressure readings. ) Again, people who do it at home may vary the amount of time, including an option of doing it overnight while they sleep.
3-Dialysis can approximate about half of kidney function.
False—As advanced as it is, dialysis accomplishes only about 20% of normal kidney function.
4-People on dialysis can skip a few sessions if they’re busy or go on vacation.
False—Skipping a session very occasionally is not usually a problem, but skipping several sessions is extremely dangerous and can be fatal as toxins build up in the blood. Patients who go out of town can try to arrange in advance to have sessions at a dialysis center at their destination.
5-Dialysis is an equally effective alternative to transplant for someone with kidney failure.
False—When possible, a kidney transplant is by far the better option. After one year of treatment, patients on dialysis have a 20-25% mortality rate, with a 5-year survival rate of 35%. People who receive transplants have a 3% mortality rate after 5 years.*
*University of California at San Francisco. The Kidney Project, https://pharm.ucsf.edu/kidney/need/statistics